Cluj International Airport (CLJ/LRCL)

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Located 10 kilometres east from Cluj-Napoca’s city centre, the airport stands nearby the most important attractions of the city; also know as “The heart of Transylvania.”

Other major reasons to serve this airport

Cluj International Airport – The most important gateway to the north-western region of Romania

  • Cluj International Airport serves an expanded catchment area of more than 3.5 million people, within 170 kilometres from the airport. One million people can reach the airport within one-hour driving time. Due to its size and location, Cluj International Airport is classified as the main gateway to Transylvania.
  • Cluj International Airport is the second biggest Romanian airport (behind Bucharest) in terms of passenger traffic in 2017. A total of 2,690,000 million passengers travelled through Cluj International Airport in 2017, posting a 43% increase over 2016 figures. In numbers, this has exceeded the 2016′s record high by 800,000 passengers, which underlines the fact that the airport’s catchment area is both stable and reliable, with a continuing increase in demand for air travel.
  • The airport features modern terminal buildings and a new runway, completed in recent years, as part of a strategic development plan. The airport infrastructure serves with high efficiency passengers and airlines alike, and can adequately serve current and future airport demands, allowing future expansions. The passenger terminals include modern equipment, such as pre-board screening and beverage/retail options, to provide passengers with a seamless and memorable experience.

Cluj-Napoca #2 in the top best cities for business in Romania

  • Located 10 kilometres east from Cluj-Napoca’s city centre, the airport stands nearby the most important attractions of the city; also know as “The heart of Transylvania.” Both Cluj County and Cluj-Napoca showcase one of the most dynamic economies in Romania, as well as the largest centre for innovation and business opportunities in Transylvania.
  • Cluj-Napoca has a population of 324,576 inhabitants (according to 2011 census) and is ranked as Romania’s second most populous city, while its metropolitan area is estimated at 411,379 inhabitants. The population of Cluj County is around 700,000 inhabitants.
  • Cluj-Napoca was ranked #2 by Forbes magazine in the top Best Cities for Business in Romania. The top was developed based on ten criteria, each of which had a weight of 10% in its final determination: regional GDP, GDP per capita, average net salary, unemployment, foreign investments during 1991-2014, road infrastructure, railway infrastructure, number of active enterprises, number of homes and educational facilities impacting the labour market (vocational schools, universities).
  • Transylvania was ranked #1 in the Lonely Planet traveling guide “Best in Travel 2016″, this making it the most attractive region of the world in 2016.
  • The development of the city’s IT activity is likely to influence and consolidate its position as the “economic capital of Transylvania”, as there are 20,000 IT specialists living in the city and over 100 important IT companies. This is why Cluj is widely known among IT specialists as the “Silicon Valley of Europe”.
  • Cluj-Napoca’s Tetarom Industrial Park attracted in the past years some of the most strategic investments in Romania and is providing facilities as well as services for important multinational companies.

A total of seven airlines will be operating from Cluj International Airport in 2017, with Wizz Air being the biggest carrier in terms of weekly seat capacity, followed by Lufthansa and TAROM. In fact, the flag carriers of Poland and the Republic of Turkey – LOT Polish Airlines and Turkish Airlines are the latest additions, as the airlines started operations in 2016, significantly increasing the possibilities for connection. Blue Air also added new domestic and international flights to the airport route network in 2016.

Marketing and other support

  • Marketing investment for promoting all new airlines, operating to/from Cluj International Airport, or new routes introduced from the airport;
  • Potential partnership with regional and local tourism offices;
  • Airport charges discounts based on the number of movements and passengers per year;
  • New scheduled routes or additional scheduled frequencies receive an attractive incentive scheme to support start-ups.

During 2016, Cluj International Airport was the project partner of the 'Cluj-Napoca 2021 - European Capital of Culture' project, aimed to support and develop the cultural activities for the community. Thus, this program facilitated concerts in the airport area for passengers and the first free library opened in a Romanian airport.

3 new airlines started operations and 16 new routes were inaugurated during 2016, thus Cluj International Airport marked every one of this achievements with events aimed to promote the new airline services available.

With Cluj-Napoca (324,576 – population as of 2011 census) having been the nearest city within Cluj International Airport’s catchment area, the primary gateway to Transylvania serves a 120-minute catchment area of around 1.8 million people.


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Airport catchment area

Cluj-Napoca is the nearest major city within the airport’s catchment area. The city is located in the heart of one of the most dynamic regions of the country, Transylvania, while having the advantage of a reliable catchment area.

  • 30-minute catchment area – 500,000 people;
  • 60-minute catchment area – one million people;
  • 120-minute catchment area – 1.8 million people.


Cluj-Napoca city – overview
Location Situated in the north-western part of the country, in the region of Transylvania;Geographically, it is roughly equidistant from Bucharest (448 km), Budapest (466 km) and Belgrade (473 km);
Population The city’s population at the 2011 census, registered 324,576 inhabitants, listed as 2nd city in Romania in terms of inhabitants;The population of Cluj-Napoca metropolitan area is estimated at 411,379 inhabitants;
Area 179,5 km2
Major industries IT, Financial services, food processing, textiles, wood processing, pharmaceuticals


International reviews about Cluj

  • “Transylvania Best in Travel 2016 – #1 region “ –;
  • “Cluj-Napoca – Youth capital of 2015 “-;
  • “Cluj is the #1 most tolerant place in Europe when it comes to welcoming foreigners to move to their city“ -  audit of city life in the European Union, 2014;
  • “Silicon Valley of Europe “ – Paris Match, 2014;
  • “Here Are The 12 Cities That Will Shake Up The Art World In The 21st Century: Delhi | Bogota | Cluj | Istanbul |Johannesburg |Singapore | Lagos |Beirut Seoul | San Juan | Sao Paulo |Vancouver” – The Huffington Post, September, 2013;
  •  “Cluj-Napoca has good communications with other Romanian cities, being located in the center of the country. Its airport has seen rapid expansion in the last few years, and is now served by international flights from several EU cities, as well as regular domestic flights from Bucharest. Cluj-Napoca is a long established university town, providing a ready source of talented graduates looking for employment opportunities with top companies.” – KPMG Advisory, “Exploring Global Frontiers”, 2009.

Cluj International Airport is located in close proximity of Tetarom industrial parks. Therefore, a large number of major international companies, including EMERSON, which occupies the entire surface of Tetarom II, may potentially generate freight and air travel-related opportunities.

Under-served freight opportunities and other economic impact factors

Industrial parks:

In Cluj County there are more than 3 functional industrial parks which can accommodate both national and international business, while the 4th industrial park is under construction. All of these parks are located within 20 km reach from Cluj International Airport.

Business in the region:

  • Cluj-Napoca is a major business process outsourcing (BPO) hub, due to the available skilled human resources. The most frequently mentioned benefits of Cluj-Napoca in international studies and reports include: affordable costs, highly skilled workforce, spoken foreign languages, geographical position as well as time area GMT+2. The main services offered by BPO centres in Cluj-Napoca are: finance and accounting outsourcing, human resources operations outsourcing, process outsourcing, knowledge process outsourcing, contact centre operations and industry-specific business processes.
  • Cluj-Napoca has a significant IT potential also noticed by KPMG Advisory study “Exploring Global Frontiers”, which placed Cluj-Napoca amongst the top 31 destinations for investments in information technology. The study outlines the key aspects that make the city attractive, namely: specialists, costs and geographical position.
  • The invested foreign capital originates from the following countries: Germany (30%), the UK (22%), the USA (15%) and the Netherlands (15%), all these four having been the major investors in the region. In addition, the list consists of: Austria (5%), Finland (4%), France (3%), Sweden (3%), Denmark (2%), Switzerland (2%) and Italy (0.5%). In fact, there are over 44,000 active business operators and more than 3,300 companies with foreign capital in Cluj region.

Cargo operators at Cluj International Airport:

Cluj International Airport provides international air export shipments for companies located in Cluj County and the surrounding areas, through services provided by some of the most important logistics and package delivery companies, such as: UPS, DHL and TNT, which are present on the airport premises.

Air traffic related to cargo operations has seen a 39% increase in 2017, when compared to 2016 figures. Noteworthy is the fact that in 2017, the airport has thrice-daily cargo flights operating during the working days, which ensure excellent connectivity with important European freight hubs.

Cluj International Airport has two terminal buildings, namely the Departures terminal and the Arrivals terminal, opened on 19 May 2009 and 15 May 2008 respectively. The combined two passenger buildings are capable to accommodate up to 3.5 million passengers per annum.


Somesul Mic river valley

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  • Situated in the north-western part of the country, in the region of Transylvania;
  • Geographically, it is roughly equidistant from Bucharest (448 kilometres), Budapest (466 kilometres) and Belgrade (473 kilometres);
  • Located in the Somesul Mic river valley, the city is considered the unofficial capital to the historical province of Transylvania;
  • Excellent surface access by public transport buses and by private vehicle;
  • Taxi, private shuttle vans and transit buses also serve the airport;
  • Cluj International Airport is served by the national and county road system. Primary access routes include European road E576.


Infrastructure & Operations

Cluj International Airport’s single runway of 2,040 metres was inaugurated in October 2013 and is capable of handling all popular short and medium-sized aircraft.


  • Inaugurated in October 2013;
  • Length: 2,040 metres;
  • Width: 45 metres with two shoulders of 7.5 metres width;
  • Pavement classification number (PCN): 114/R/B/W/T.

Airport Terminals

  • Departures Terminal
    • Inaugurated on 19 May 2009;
    • Total area: 15,308 square metres;
    • Three levels;
    • A total of 24 check-in counters;
    • Two processing passenger streams: domestic and international (non-Schengen and Schengen);
    • Processing capacity: 1.5 million passengers per year and 750 passengers per peak hour;
    • VIP lounge;
    • Commercial gallery;
    • Six gates.
  • Arrivals terminal
    • Inaugurated on 15 May 2008;
    • Total area: 10,812 square metres;
    • Three levels;
    • Three baggage lanes;
    • Two processing passenger streams: domestic and international (non-Schengen and Schengen);
    • Processing capacity: two million passengers per year and 750 passengers per peak hour;
    • VIP lounge;
    • Commercial gallery;
    • Three gates.
  • Capacity of baggage handling system
    • Two collector lines;
    • A total of 24 check-in counters;
    • Two VIP check-in counters;
    • Two baggage carousels in Departures Terminal;
    • Integrated Security System: three EDSs;
    • Total processing capacity: 3,600 bags per hour.

Airport operations

  • Slot coordinated: no slot constraints;
  • Operating hours:  airport open 24/7.


Important infrastructure developments and/or other news

New take-off landing runway and movement surfaces

  • The new runway, classified as 4C category, is capable of handling all popular short and medium-sized aircraft, including A318s, A320s, A321s or 737-800s.
  • The new Golf taxiway offers the possibility to operate larger aircraft that require surfaces with a high pavement classification number.


Vital statistics

2017 figures:

2017 passenger traffic 2,690,000
  • Domestic
  • International
2017 Air Traffic Movements (ATM) 24,476
  • Domestic
  • International
2017 Traffic Growth 43%
2017 ATM Growth 32%
Number of airlines (2017) 7
Number of regular destinations (2017) 45
Number of country destinations (2017) 20
Number of new destinations (2017) 8

Cluj International Airport’s traffic evolution 1996-2018